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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  Case Report
Gestational Gigantomastia: A Rarity
Disha Shakya, Tripti Gupta, Lata Agrawal, HK Premi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:41] [Pages No:13-14] [No of Hits : 2016]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-0005 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophy of the breast is a rare medical condition of breast connective tissue. It is listed as a ‘rare disease’ by the ‘Office of Rare Diseases’ of National Institute of Health (NIH). A woman aged 20 years presented to our antenatal clinic in her first pregnancy at 23 weeks of gestation with excessive enlargement of breasts since conception. Although its etiology has yet to be clarified, it has been associated with the response of breast receptors to gestational hormones. Gestational gigantomastia is a complication whose etiology and pathogenesis have yet to be fully clarified. However it has been speculated that placental hormones may trigger the condition.

Keywords: Fibroadenoma, Gestational gigantomastia, Phylloides tumor.

How to cite this article: Shakya D, Gupta T, Agrawal L, Premi HK. Gestational Gigantomastia: A Rarity. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(1):13-14.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  Original Article
Road Traffic Accidents in India
SM Sharma
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:50] [Pages No:57-64] [No of Hits : 1933]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10020 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Road traffic accidents (RTAs) result in tremendous loss of lives and prolonged morbidity besides causing sufferings to relatives and friends. Loss of lives and useful working hours inflict heavy damage to a nation’s economic activity, loss of breadwinner to family, and deprivation of family bond of love and security. Increasing traffic accidents and subsequent trauma creates heavy burden on our scarce funds and already overburdened hospitals. Road traffic accidents are one of the major causes of death and illness which is preventable. There is tremendous rise in RTAs due to increase in vehicular volume on our roads, incredible speeding of the vehicles, poor driving skills, drunk driving, bad roads, poor traffic control, and lack of public awareness, rampant indiscipline, incompetent authorities and lack of implementation of existing laws to tackle the menace of disrespect to law and rules. The solution to the problem lies in reducing the volume of traffic on roads by instituting efficient public transport system all over, like the one prevalent in advanced nations of the world, honest road engineering, universal education and training of all citizens in driving, creating awareness about road safety precautions, enforcing strict punishments upon offenders indulging in drunk driving and crossing the speed limits, and regulating control of traffic on highways and accident-prone areas.

Keywords: Drunk driving, Indian roads, Prevention of road traffic accidents, Road rage, Road traffic accidents.

How to cite this article: Sharma SM. Road Traffic Accidents in India. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(2):57-64.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  Original Article
Comparative Evaluation of Performance of Videolaryngoscope vs Fastrach Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airways
Siddhartha Hanjura, Anil P Agrawal, Malti Agrawal, Vartika Singh, Vartika Vinay, Reehan Ahmed
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:1-7] [No of Hits : 75]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10064 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This prospective randomized study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) with the King Vision Video laryngoscope in aiding endotracheal intubation in Asian patients with normal airway. King Vision Video laryngoscope is a two-piece design. It has a reusable monitor that attaches to disposable blades. The ILMA is a device specifically designed to be an effective ventilatory device and blind intubating guide in patients with normal and abnormal airways.

Materials and methods: After ethics committee approval and obtaining patient’s written informed consent, 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I and II adult patients undergoing elective surgery requiring intubation were randomly allocated into either the ILMA group (Group L) or the King Vision Video laryngoscope group (Group V).
• Thorough preanesthetic checkup was done. Patient was premedicated. Induction was done with propofol 2.5 mg/ kg and succinylcholine 1.5 mg/kg. In Group L, ILMA was inserted using a single-handed rotational technique. In the King Vision Video laryngoscope group, intubation was done with videolaryngoscope. Placement was confirmed with auscultation and capnography.
• An independent observer recorded the following:
  – Time taken for successful intubation
  – Success or failure of the tracheal intubation
  – Number of attempts needed for successful tracheal intubation
  – Complication associated with tracheal intubation: bleeding or postoperative sore throat
  – Hemodynamic response to intubation

Results and conclusion: King Vision Video laryngoscope is the more effective technique in aiding endotracheal intubation in patients with normal airways.

Keywords: Intubating laryngeal mask airway, Intubation, King Vision video laryngoscope.

How to cite this article: Hanjura S, Agrawal AP, Agrawal M, Singh V, Vinay V, Ahmed R. Comparative Evaluation of Performance of Videolaryngoscope vs Fastrach Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):1-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  Case Report
Hypercalcemia due to Parathyroid Adenoma: A Delayed Diagnosis
Vinish K Agarwal, Kartikeya Purohit, SS Bist, Mamta Goyal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:51-52] [No of Hits : 68]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10075 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Hypercalcemia is a serious health problem occurring due to pathology of many organ systems including thyroid, parathyroid, kidney, and bone. Hypercalcemia due to parathyroid is usually a delayed diagnosis as parathyroid adenoma is usually discovered during surgery of thyroid gland disease. We present a case of hypercalcemia due to parathyroid adenoma, who underwent total thyroidectomy with right inferior parathyroidectomy. We conclude that a patient with features suggestive of hypercalcemia should be suspected to have parathyroid adenoma and every effort has to be made to diagnose parathyroid adenoma as this is a surgically resectable medical problem.

Keywords: Hypercalcemia, Parathyroid adenoma, Parathyroidectomy, Thyroidectomy.

How to cite this article: Agarwal VK, Purohit K, Bist SS, Goyal M. Hypercalcemia due to Parathyroid Adenoma: A Delayed Diagnosis. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):51-52.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  Original Article
Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasonography in Cases of Acute Appendicitis
Vaibhav Kumar, Gaurav Sharma, Akhita Singhania, Saherish Khan, Pooja Singhania, Shraddha Singhania
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:32-36] [No of Hits : 68]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10070 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims and objectives: To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of various pathologies of the appendix and to compare the findings of ultrasonography with surgical outcome.

Materials and methods: All the patients suspected of appendicitis clinically were referred for ultrasonography. The accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of appendicitis was compared with surgical outcome.

Results: Out of 50 cases who underwent ultrasonography, 37 cases were sonographically positive for appendicitis and 13 cases were appendicular masses. Right iliac fossa tenderness, rebound tenderness, and Rovsing’s sign were the cardinal signs. The overall specificity and sensitivity were 95% in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.

Conclusion: Ultrasound is the first-line method in patients referred with clinically suspected acute appendicitis and is cost-effective and reduces the cost of treatment of expensive procedures like exploratory laparoscopy and computed tomography abdomen.

Keywords: Accuracy, Acute appendicitis, Diagnosis, Ultrasonography.

How to cite this article: Kumar V, Sharma G, Singhania A, Khan S, Singhania P, Singhania S. Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasonography in Cases of Acute Appendicitis. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):32-36.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  Original Article
Reason behind Drinking: A Cross-sectional Study on Alcohol Use among Adult Males in Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh, India
Himalaya Singh, Hari S Joshi, Arun Singh, Rashmi Katyal, Deepak Upadhyay
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:29-31] [No of Hits : 62]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10069 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Alcoholic beverages have been a part of social life for millennia, yet societies have always found it difficult to understand or restrain their use. Different societies not only have different sets of beliefs and rules about drinking, but they also show very different outcomes when people consume alcohol.

Aims and objectives: This study is conducted to assess the reasons behind consuming alcohol among adult males of Bareilly district, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Materials and methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out on males aged ≥15 years in Bareilly district. Thirty clusters were chosen from this population by probability proportional to size sampling, and then from these clusters, in each cluster, houses were taken out and from each, one adult male was selected till the sample size was achieved. The prevalence of alcohol usage among males in Uttar Pradesh (by National Family Health Survey 372) is 25.3%. Taking 10% of nonresponsive rate and design effect of 2, calculated sample size is 632.

Results: Totally 699 adult males participated in the study and analyzed data show that 31% males are current drinkers, 5% are past drinkers, and rest are teetotalers. Most of the study subjects indulged in this habit due to peer pressure (58.7%), while 24.9% reported that the cause was a curiosity to drink. Only 7.0% were because of conforming to social status or norms. The majority of the study subjects continued to drink in order to cheer-up (44.6%) in order to relax (40.8%), whereas only 16% current drinkers reported the cause as “peer pressure” or “think and work better.”

Conclusion: We can conclude that the most common reason to start alcohol habit is peer pressure and people continue it to cheer themselves.

Keywords: Abuse, Alcohol, Reasons.

How to cite this article: Singh H, Joshi HS, Singh A, Katyal R, Upadhyay D. Reason behind Drinking: A Cross-sectional Study on Alcohol Use among Adult Males in Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):29-31.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  Original Article
Study of Supratrochlear Foramen of Humerus: A Morphometric Study
Preeti Agarwal, SHH Zaidi
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:8-10] [No of Hits : 61]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10065 | FREE

ABSTRACT

This study is conducted to know the incidence of supratrochlear foramen and its morphometry. A total of 38 humerus bones are studied in the Indian population sample, in light of available literature, and clinical, racial, and regional significance is drawn, if present.

Materials and methods: Thirty-eight humerus bones belonging to the museum of the Department of Anatomy, Rohilkhand Medical College & Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India, were studied to observe the incidence of supratrochlear foramen anomaly in the Indian population sample.

Results: The supratrochlear foramen anomaly was observed in 7 out of 38 humeri studied, i.e., 18.4%.

Conclusion: The findings are of considerable clinical, racial, and regional significance, and are discussed.

Keywords: Bony septum, Coronoid fossa, Supratrochlear foramen.

How to cite this article: Agarwal P, Zaidi SHH. Study of Supratrochlear Foramen of Humerus: A Morphometric Study. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):8-10.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  Review Article
History of Rhinoplasty
Danish Arora, Chander Mohan, Prashant Bhardwaj, Sadhna, Abhinav Srivastava
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:40-43] [No of Hits : 60]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10072 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Rhinoplasty, is derived from the Greek word rhinos (nose) and plassein (to shape), and is a surgery performed to achieve two results: To improve breathing function of nose and to improve cosmetic look of the nose. Rhinoplasty is a plastic surgery for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and esthetically enhancing the nose, by resolving nasal trauma (blunt, penetrating, blast), congenital defect, respiratory impediment, and a failed primary rhinoplasty. An otolaryngologist or a plastic and reconstructive surgeon creates a functional, esthetic, and facially proportionate nose by separating the nasal skin and the soft tissues from the osseocartilaginous nasal framework, correcting them as required for form and function, suturing the incisions, and applying either a pack or a stent, or both, to immobilize the corrected nose to ensure the proper healing of the surgical incision. The nonsurgical rhinoplasty procedure corrects and modifies slight defects of the nose by means of subcutaneous injections of biologically inert fillers; the results tend to be relatively transitory, in comparison with the results of nose surgery. The forehead rhinoplastic reconstruction of nose practiced by Indians centuries ago is known universally as Indian forehead flap for nasal reconstruction.

Keywords: Flap, Hump nose, Reconstruction, Saddle nose.

How to cite this article: Arora D, Mohan C, Bhardwaj P, Sadhna, Srivastava A. History of Rhinoplasty. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):40-43.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  Case Report
An Innovative Modified Orbital Implant in Enucleated Eyes for Postoperative Functionality and Cosmesis
Surabhi Sinha, Y Rizvi, A Dokania
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:47-50] [No of Hits : 58]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10074 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Orbital implants replace the volume lost by enucleated eye, impart motility to the prosthesis, and maintain cosmetic symmetry with the fellow eye. They include nonintegrated, synthetic semi-integrated, integrated, bio-integrated, and biogenic varieties. The much favored hydroxyapatite (bio-integrated) implant, due to its rough surface, needs to be wrapped in donor sclera or other wrapping materials (like polyglactin-910 mesh, polytetrafluoroethylene sheet, etc.) to which the muscles could be directly sutured. Cost factor of such wrappings is often prohibitive that add to the expense of such implants.

Purpose: To highlight monofilament polypropylene surgical mesh commonly used for herniorrhaphy as an alternative implant wrapping for achieving augmented implant volume and enabling easier extraocular muscle attachment in postenucleation reconstruction of artificial eye.

Materials and methods: Following enucleation of a nonfunctional eye in a patient who met with a road traffic accident, a 14 mm hydroxyapatite ball was used to replace the globe. The ball was wrapped with a monofilament polypropylene surgical mesh used in herniorrhaphy and sutured. The patient achieved a satisfactory cosmesis and movements of the implant for different gazes. No ocular discomfort or implant extrusion was reported following 6 months of follow-up.

Conclusion: Monofilament polypropylene mesh can be used safely as an orbital implant wrapping, economizing the implant cost.

Keywords: Hydroxyapatite, Implant wrappings, Orbital implants.

How to cite this article: Sinha S, Rizvi Y, Dokania A. An Innovative Modified Orbital Implant in Enucleated Eyes for Postoperative Functionality and Cosmesis. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):47-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  Original Article
Psychiatric Comorbidities in Patients with Epilepsy: A Cross-sectional Study
Saurabh Jaiswal, Santosh Kumar, Chandra S Sharma, Abhinav Kuchhal, Arpit Jaiswal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:24-28] [No of Hits : 57]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10068 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: People with epilepsy are more likely than the general population to have comorbid psychiatric disorders that include anxiety, depression, and interictal and chronic psychoses. Even though psychiatric comorbidity is common in epilepsy, it is underrecognized and undertreated, both in specialty epilepsy centers and also in community-based services. A thorough assessment of this was sought in this study among the patients of Rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh (India).

Materials and methods: A total of 100 patients with epilepsy who visited the psychiatry outpatient clinic were recruited for this study. They were assessed in detail for the presence of comorbid psychiatric disorders on Axis 1 with the help of Structured Clinical Interview for Fourth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Results: Overall, it was found that a comorbidity of psychiatric disorders was present in 45% of patients with epilepsy. The frequency of cooccurrence of different types of psychiatric disorders was as follows: Mood disorders 21%, anxiety disorders 14%, and psychotic disorders 28%.

Conclusion: Psychiatric comorbidities were found to be a common problem in patients with epilepsy. The results of this study are in line with many different research works both in India and abroad. A proper address of this issue is important for management, better outcome, and policy making in patients with epilepsy.

Keywords: Axis 1 disorders, Comorbidity, Epilepsy, Psychiatric disorders.

How to cite this article: Jaiswal S, Kumar S, Sharma CS, Kuchhal A, Jaiswal A. Psychiatric Comorbidities in Patients with Epilepsy: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(1):24-28.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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